Permission Issues with Qemu and Pulseaudio Issues

If none of the more specific forums is the right place to ask

Permission Issues with Qemu and Pulseaudio Issues

Postby bmadonna1401 » 2015-09-22 23:31

Hello Everyone,

I've been searching around for a while and have not come up with an answer to my issues. I want to be able to run qemu as a normal user and not have to use root so that my pulseaudio can be passed to my VM which has VGA pass through on it. Currently I am forced to use root and passthrough my on board sound card and USB headset. Any suggestions would be greatly appreciated. Here is what happens if I run as non root and my config files.

brian@debian:~$ ./vfio-launch.sh
Starting Samba
Starting Synergy
Starting VM
qemu-system-x86_64: -device vfio-pci,host=06:00.0,rombar=1,x-vga=on: vfio: error opening /dev/vfio/26: Permission denied
qemu-system-x86_64: -device vfio-pci,host=06:00.0,rombar=1,x-vga=on: vfio: failed to get group 26
qemu-system-x86_64: -device vfio-pci,host=06:00.0,rombar=1,x-vga=on: Device initialization failed.
qemu-system-x86_64: -device vfio-pci,host=06:00.0,rombar=1,x-vga=on: Device 'vfio-pci' could not be initialized
VM closed
Stopping Synergy
Stopping Samba

vfio-launch.sh

#!/bin/bash

echo "Starting Samba"
sudo systemctl start smbd.service
sudo systemctl start nmbd.service

echo "Starting Synergy"
# /usr/bin/synergys --daemon --config /etc/synergy.conf

# This is probably not neccesary, except when updating the OVMF bios
# echo "Removing old OVMF variables"
# rm -v ./Windows_ovmf_vars_x64.bin
# echo "Copying new OVMF variables"
# cp -v /usr/share/ovmf/x64/ovmf_vars_x64.bin ./Windows_ovmf_vars_x64.bin

# echo "Exporting PulseAudio driver"
export QEMU_AUDIO_DRV="pa"

echo "Starting VM"
qemu-system-x86_64 \
-serial none \
-parallel none \
-nodefaults \
-nodefconfig \
-enable-kvm \
-name Windows \
-cpu host,check,kvm=off \
-smp sockets=1,cores=4 \
-m 12288 \
-rtc base=localtime \
-drive if=virtio,id=drive0,file=/home/brian/Windows-10.img,format=qcow2 \
-device ide-cd,drive=drive-cd-disk1,id=cd-disk1,unit=0,bus=ide.0 \
-drive file=/home/brian/Downloads/Win10_English_x64.iso,if=none,id=drive-cd-disk1,media=cdrom \
-device ide-cd,drive=drive-cd-disk2,id=cd-disk2,unit=0,bus=ide.1 \
-drive file=/home/brian/Downloads/virtio-win-0.1.102.iso,if=none,id=drive-cd-disk2,media=cdrom \
-net nic,model=virtio -net tap,ifname=tap0,script=no,downscript=no \
-bios /usr/share/seabios/bios.bin -nographic \
-device vfio-pci,host=06:00.0,rombar=1,x-vga=on \
-device vfio-pci,host=06:00.1 \
-soundhw hda \
-device pci-assign,host=00:1b.0 \
-usb -device usb-host,hostbus=1,hostaddr=7 \
#rem extra options
PCI-STUBS config

/etc/initramfs-tools/modules

# -device ide-cd,drive=drive-cd-disk1,id=cd-disk1,unit=0,bus=ide.1 \
# -drive file=/home/carl/Downloads/Win10_English_x64.iso,if=none,id=drive-cd-disk1,media=cdrom \
# -drive if=virtio,id=drive1,file=/usr/vms/win10-64.qcow2,format=qcow2 \
# -vga std
#

# -drive if=pflash,format=raw,readonly,file=/usr/share/edk2.git/ovmf-x64/OVMF_CODE-pure-efi.fd \

# -net tap,name=ncard1 \
# -net nic,model=virtio,macaddr=00:16:35:AF:94:4B,name=ncard1,vlan=1 \
# -usb -device usb-host,hostbus=1,hostaddr=9 \



# -soundhw hda \
# -device usb-ehci,id=ehci \
# -device vfio-pci,host=0000:00:14.0 \
echo "VM closed"

echo "Stopping Synergy"
pkill synergys

echo "Stopping Samba"
sudo systemctl stop smbd.service
sudo systemctl stop nmbd.service


# List of modules that you want to include in your initramfs.
# They will be loaded at boot time in the order below.
#
# Syntax: module_name [args ...]
#
# You must run update-initramfs(8) to effect this change.
#
# Examples:
#
# raid1
# sd_mod
pci_stub ids=10de:1184,10de:0e0a,8086:8d20,046d:0a44

grub-conf
/etc/default/grub
# If you change this file, run 'update-grub' afterwards to update
# /boot/grub/grub.cfg.
# For full documentation of the options in this file, see:
# info -f grub -n 'Simple configuration'

GRUB_DEFAULT=0
GRUB_TIMEOUT=5
GRUB_DISTRIBUTOR=`lsb_release -i -s 2> /dev/null || echo Debian`
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="intel_iommu=on vfio_iommu_type1 allow_unsafe_interrupts=1 pci=realloc quiet"
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=""

# Uncomment to enable BadRAM filtering, modify to suit your needs
# This works with Linux (no patch required) and with any kernel that obtains
# the memory map information from GRUB (GNU Mach, kernel of FreeBSD ...)
#GRUB_BADRAM="0x01234567,0xfefefefe,0x89abcdef,0xefefefef"

# Uncomment to disable graphical terminal (grub-pc only)
#GRUB_TERMINAL=console

# The resolution used on graphical terminal
# note that you can use only modes which your graphic card supports via VBE
# you can see them in real GRUB with the command `vbeinfo'
#GRUB_GFXMODE=640x480

# Uncomment if you don't want GRUB to pass "root=UUID=xxx" parameter to Linux
#GRUB_DISABLE_LINUX_UUID=true

# Uncomment to disable generation of recovery mode menu entries
#GRUB_DISABLE_RECOVERY="true"

# Uncomment to get a beep at grub start
#GRUB_INIT_TUNE="480 440 1"

/boot/grub/grub.cfg
#
# DO NOT EDIT THIS FILE
#
# It is automatically generated by grub-mkconfig using templates
# from /etc/grub.d and settings from /etc/default/grub
#

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/00_header ###
if [ -s $prefix/grubenv ]; then
set have_grubenv=true
load_env
fi
if [ "${next_entry}" ] ; then
set default="${next_entry}"
set next_entry=
save_env next_entry
set boot_once=true
else
set default="0"
fi

if [ x"${feature_menuentry_id}" = xy ]; then
menuentry_id_option="--id"
else
menuentry_id_option=""
fi

export menuentry_id_option

if [ "${prev_saved_entry}" ]; then
set saved_entry="${prev_saved_entry}"
save_env saved_entry
set prev_saved_entry=
save_env prev_saved_entry
set boot_once=true
fi

function savedefault {
if [ -z "${boot_once}" ]; then
saved_entry="${chosen}"
save_env saved_entry
fi
}
function load_video {
if [ x$feature_all_video_module = xy ]; then
insmod all_video
else
insmod efi_gop
insmod efi_uga
insmod ieee1275_fb
insmod vbe
insmod vga
insmod video_bochs
insmod video_cirrus
fi
}

if [ x$feature_default_font_path = xy ] ; then
font=unicode
else
insmod part_gpt
insmod ext2
set root='hd2,gpt2'
if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd2,gpt2 --hint-efi=hd2,gpt2 --hint-baremetal=ahci2,gpt2 dbb75675-a3a9-4fa3-a04a-a98398ded003
else
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root dbb75675-a3a9-4fa3-a04a-a98398ded003
fi
font="/grub/unicode.pf2"
fi

if loadfont $font ; then
set gfxmode=auto
load_video
insmod gfxterm
set locale_dir=$prefix/locale
set lang=en_US
insmod gettext
fi
terminal_output gfxterm
if [ "${recordfail}" = 1 ] ; then
set timeout=-1
else
if [ x$feature_timeout_style = xy ] ; then
set timeout_style=menu
set timeout=5
# Fallback normal timeout code in case the timeout_style feature is
# unavailable.
else
set timeout=5
fi
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/00_header ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/05_debian_theme ###
insmod part_gpt
insmod ext2
set root='hd2,gpt2'
if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd2,gpt2 --hint-efi=hd2,gpt2 --hint-baremetal=ahci2,gpt2 dbb75675-a3a9-4fa3-a04a-a98398ded003
else
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root dbb75675-a3a9-4fa3-a04a-a98398ded003
fi
insmod png
if background_image /grub/.background_cache.png; then
set color_normal=white/black
set color_highlight=black/white
else
set menu_color_normal=cyan/blue
set menu_color_highlight=white/blue
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/05_debian_theme ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/10_linux ###
function gfxmode {
set gfxpayload="${1}"
}
set linux_gfx_mode=
export linux_gfx_mode
menuentry 'Debian GNU/Linux' --class debian --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-simple-f02ed14c-f04d-421d-904c-0fd1e1fe5d36' {
load_video
insmod gzio
if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
insmod part_gpt
insmod ext2
set root='hd2,gpt2'
if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd2,gpt2 --hint-efi=hd2,gpt2 --hint-baremetal=ahci2,gpt2 dbb75675-a3a9-4fa3-a04a-a98398ded003
else
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root dbb75675-a3a9-4fa3-a04a-a98398ded003
fi
echo 'Loading Linux 3.16.0-4-amd64 ...'
linux /vmlinuz-3.16.0-4-amd64 root=UUID=f02ed14c-f04d-421d-904c-0fd1e1fe5d36 ro intel_iommu=on vfio_iommu_type1 allow_unsafe_interrupts=1 pci=realloc quiet
echo 'Loading initial ramdisk ...'
initrd /initrd.img-3.16.0-4-amd64
}
submenu 'Advanced options for Debian GNU/Linux' $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-advanced-f02ed14c-f04d-421d-904c-0fd1e1fe5d36' {
menuentry 'Debian GNU/Linux, with Linux 3.16.0-4-amd64' --class debian --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-3.16.0-4-amd64-advanced-f02ed14c-f04d-421d-904c-0fd1e1fe5d36' {
load_video
insmod gzio
if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
insmod part_gpt
insmod ext2
set root='hd2,gpt2'
if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd2,gpt2 --hint-efi=hd2,gpt2 --hint-baremetal=ahci2,gpt2 dbb75675-a3a9-4fa3-a04a-a98398ded003
else
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root dbb75675-a3a9-4fa3-a04a-a98398ded003
fi
echo 'Loading Linux 3.16.0-4-amd64 ...'
linux /vmlinuz-3.16.0-4-amd64 root=UUID=f02ed14c-f04d-421d-904c-0fd1e1fe5d36 ro intel_iommu=on vfio_iommu_type1 allow_unsafe_interrupts=1 pci=realloc quiet
echo 'Loading initial ramdisk ...'
initrd /initrd.img-3.16.0-4-amd64
}
menuentry 'Debian GNU/Linux, with Linux 3.16.0-4-amd64 (recovery mode)' --class debian --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-3.16.0-4-amd64-recovery-f02ed14c-f04d-421d-904c-0fd1e1fe5d36' {
load_video
insmod gzio
if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
insmod part_gpt
insmod ext2
set root='hd2,gpt2'
if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd2,gpt2 --hint-efi=hd2,gpt2 --hint-baremetal=ahci2,gpt2 dbb75675-a3a9-4fa3-a04a-a98398ded003
else
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root dbb75675-a3a9-4fa3-a04a-a98398ded003
fi
echo 'Loading Linux 3.16.0-4-amd64 ...'
linux /vmlinuz-3.16.0-4-amd64 root=UUID=f02ed14c-f04d-421d-904c-0fd1e1fe5d36 ro single
echo 'Loading initial ramdisk ...'
initrd /initrd.img-3.16.0-4-amd64
}
}

### END /etc/grub.d/10_linux ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/20_linux_xen ###

### END /etc/grub.d/20_linux_xen ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober ###
### END /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/30_uefi-firmware ###
menuentry 'System setup' $menuentry_id_option 'uefi-firmware' {
fwsetup
}
### END /etc/grub.d/30_uefi-firmware ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/40_custom ###
# This file provides an easy way to add custom menu entries. Simply type the
# menu entries you want to add after this comment. Be careful not to change
# the 'exec tail' line above.
### END /etc/grub.d/40_custom ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/41_custom ###
if [ -f ${config_directory}/custom.cfg ]; then
source ${config_directory}/custom.cfg
elif [ -z "${config_directory}" -a -f $prefix/custom.cfg ]; then
source $prefix/custom.cfg;
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/41_custom ###

Libvirt-qemu-conf

/etc/libvirt/qemu.conf

# Master configuration file for the QEMU driver.
# All settings described here are optional - if omitted, sensible
# defaults are used.

# VNC is configured to listen on 127.0.0.1 by default.
# To make it listen on all public interfaces, uncomment
# this next option.
#
# NB, strong recommendation to enable TLS + x509 certificate
# verification when allowing public access
#
#vnc_listen = "0.0.0.0"

# Enable this option to have VNC served over an automatically created
# unix socket. This prevents unprivileged access from users on the
# host machine, though most VNC clients do not support it.
#
# This will only be enabled for VNC configurations that do not have
# a hardcoded 'listen' or 'socket' value. This setting takes preference
# over vnc_listen.
#
#vnc_auto_unix_socket = 1

# Enable use of TLS encryption on the VNC server. This requires
# a VNC client which supports the VeNCrypt protocol extension.
# Examples include vinagre, virt-viewer, virt-manager and vencrypt
# itself. UltraVNC, RealVNC, TightVNC do not support this
#
# It is necessary to setup CA and issue a server certificate
# before enabling this.
#
#vnc_tls = 1


# Use of TLS requires that x509 certificates be issued. The
# default it to keep them in /etc/pki/libvirt-vnc. This directory
# must contain
#
# ca-cert.pem - the CA master certificate
# server-cert.pem - the server certificate signed with ca-cert.pem
# server-key.pem - the server private key
#
# This option allows the certificate directory to be changed
#
#vnc_tls_x509_cert_dir = "/etc/pki/libvirt-vnc"


# The default TLS configuration only uses certificates for the server
# allowing the client to verify the server's identity and establish
# an encrypted channel.
#
# It is possible to use x509 certificates for authentication too, by
# issuing a x509 certificate to every client who needs to connect.
#
# Enabling this option will reject any client who does not have a
# certificate signed by the CA in /etc/pki/libvirt-vnc/ca-cert.pem
#
#vnc_tls_x509_verify = 1


# The default VNC password. Only 8 bytes are significant for
# VNC passwords. This parameter is only used if the per-domain
# XML config does not already provide a password. To allow
# access without passwords, leave this commented out. An empty
# string will still enable passwords, but be rejected by QEMU,
# effectively preventing any use of VNC. Obviously change this
# example here before you set this.
#
#vnc_password = "XYZ12345"


# Enable use of SASL encryption on the VNC server. This requires
# a VNC client which supports the SASL protocol extension.
# Examples include vinagre, virt-viewer and virt-manager
# itself. UltraVNC, RealVNC, TightVNC do not support this
#
# It is necessary to configure /etc/sasl2/qemu.conf to choose
# the desired SASL plugin (eg, GSSPI for Kerberos)
#
#vnc_sasl = 1


# The default SASL configuration file is located in /etc/sasl2/
# When running libvirtd unprivileged, it may be desirable to
# override the configs in this location. Set this parameter to
# point to the directory, and create a qemu.conf in that location
#
#vnc_sasl_dir = "/some/directory/sasl2"


# QEMU implements an extension for providing audio over a VNC connection,
# though if your VNC client does not support it, your only chance for getting
# sound output is through regular audio backends. By default, libvirt will
# disable all QEMU sound backends if using VNC, since they can cause
# permissions issues. Enabling this option will make libvirtd honor the
# QEMU_AUDIO_DRV environment variable when using VNC.
#
#vnc_allow_host_audio = 0



# SPICE is configured to listen on 127.0.0.1 by default.
# To make it listen on all public interfaces, uncomment
# this next option.
#
# NB, strong recommendation to enable TLS + x509 certificate
# verification when allowing public access
#
#spice_listen = "0.0.0.0"


# Enable use of TLS encryption on the SPICE server.
#
# It is necessary to setup CA and issue a server certificate
# before enabling this.
#
#spice_tls = 1


# Use of TLS requires that x509 certificates be issued. The
# default it to keep them in /etc/pki/libvirt-spice. This directory
# must contain
#
# ca-cert.pem - the CA master certificate
# server-cert.pem - the server certificate signed with ca-cert.pem
# server-key.pem - the server private key
#
# This option allows the certificate directory to be changed.
#
#spice_tls_x509_cert_dir = "/etc/pki/libvirt-spice"


# The default SPICE password. This parameter is only used if the
# per-domain XML config does not already provide a password. To
# allow access without passwords, leave this commented out. An
# empty string will still enable passwords, but be rejected by
# QEMU, effectively preventing any use of SPICE. Obviously change
# this example here before you set this.
#
#spice_password = "XYZ12345"


# Enable use of SASL encryption on the SPICE server. This requires
# a SPICE client which supports the SASL protocol extension.
#
# It is necessary to configure /etc/sasl2/qemu.conf to choose
# the desired SASL plugin (eg, GSSPI for Kerberos)
#
#spice_sasl = 1

# The default SASL configuration file is located in /etc/sasl2/
# When running libvirtd unprivileged, it may be desirable to
# override the configs in this location. Set this parameter to
# point to the directory, and create a qemu.conf in that location
#
#spice_sasl_dir = "/some/directory/sasl2"


# By default, if no graphical front end is configured, libvirt will disable
# QEMU audio output since directly talking to alsa/pulseaudio may not work
# with various security settings. If you know what you're doing, enable
# the setting below and libvirt will passthrough the QEMU_AUDIO_DRV
# environment variable when using nographics.
#
nographics_allow_host_audio = 1


# Override the port for creating both VNC and SPICE sessions (min).
# This defaults to 5900 and increases for consecutive sessions
# or when ports are occupied, until it hits the maximum.
#
# Minimum must be greater than or equal to 5900 as lower number would
# result into negative vnc display number.
#
# Maximum must be less than 65536, because higher numbers do not make
# sense as a port number.
#
#remote_display_port_min = 5900
#remote_display_port_max = 65535

# VNC WebSocket port policies, same rules apply as with remote display
# ports. VNC WebSockets use similar display <-> port mappings, with
# the exception being that ports start from 5700 instead of 5900.
#
#remote_websocket_port_min = 5700
#remote_websocket_port_max = 65535

# The default security driver is SELinux. If SELinux is disabled
# on the host, then the security driver will automatically disable
# itself. If you wish to disable QEMU SELinux security driver while
# leaving SELinux enabled for the host in general, then set this
# to 'none' instead. It's also possible to use more than one security
# driver at the same time, for this use a list of names separated by
# comma and delimited by square brackets. For example:
#
# security_driver = [ "selinux", "apparmor" ]
#
# Notes: The DAC security driver is always enabled; as a result, the
# value of security_driver cannot contain "dac". The value "none" is
# a special value; security_driver can be set to that value in
# isolation, but it cannot appear in a list of drivers.
#
#security_driver = "selinux"

# If set to non-zero, then the default security labeling
# will make guests confined. If set to zero, then guests
# will be unconfined by default. Defaults to 1.
#security_default_confined = 1

# If set to non-zero, then attempts to create unconfined
# guests will be blocked. Defaults to 0.
#security_require_confined = 1

# The user for QEMU processes run by the system instance. It can be
# specified as a user name or as a user id. The qemu driver will try to
# parse this value first as a name and then, if the name doesn't exist,
# as a user id.
#
# Since a sequence of digits is a valid user name, a leading plus sign
# can be used to ensure that a user id will not be interpreted as a user
# name.
#
# Some examples of valid values are:
#
# user = "qemu" # A user named "qemu"
# user = "+0" # Super user (uid=0)
# user = "100" # A user named "100" or a user with uid=100
#
user = "brian"

# The group for QEMU processes run by the system instance. It can be
# specified in a similar way to user.
group = "libvirt"

# Whether libvirt should dynamically change file ownership
# to match the configured user/group above. Defaults to 1.
# Set to 0 to disable file ownership changes.
dynamic_ownership = 1


# What cgroup controllers to make use of with QEMU guests
#
# - 'cpu' - use for schedular tunables
# - 'devices' - use for device whitelisting
# - 'memory' - use for memory tunables
# - 'blkio' - use for block devices I/O tunables
# - 'cpuset' - use for CPUs and memory nodes
# - 'cpuacct' - use for CPUs statistics.
#
# NB, even if configured here, they won't be used unless
# the administrator has mounted cgroups, e.g.:
#
# mkdir /dev/cgroup
# mount -t cgroup -o devices,cpu,memory,blkio,cpuset none /dev/cgroup
#
# They can be mounted anywhere, and different controllers
# can be mounted in different locations. libvirt will detect
# where they are located.
#
#cgroup_controllers = [ "cpu", "devices", "memory", "blkio", "cpuset", "cpuacct" ]

# This is the basic set of devices allowed / required by
# all virtual machines.
#
# As well as this, any configured block backed disks,
# all sound device, and all PTY devices are allowed.
#
# This will only need setting if newer QEMU suddenly
# wants some device we don't already know about.
#
cgroup_device_acl = [
"/dev/null", "/dev/full", "/dev/zero",
"/dev/random", "/dev/urandom",
"/dev/ptmx", "/dev/kvm", "/dev/kqemu",
"/dev/rtc", "/dev/hpet", "/dev/vfio/vfio",
"/dev/vfio/23", "/dev/vfio/26"
]

# RDMA migration requires the following extra files to be added to the list:
# "/dev/infiniband/rdma_cm",
# "/dev/infiniband/issm0",
# "/dev/infiniband/issm1",
# "/dev/infiniband/umad0",
# "/dev/infiniband/umad1",
# "/dev/infiniband/uverbs0"


# The default format for Qemu/KVM guest save images is raw; that is, the
# memory from the domain is dumped out directly to a file. If you have
# guests with a large amount of memory, however, this can take up quite
# a bit of space. If you would like to compress the images while they
# are being saved to disk, you can also set "lzop", "gzip", "bzip2", or "xz"
# for save_image_format. Note that this means you slow down the process of
# saving a domain in order to save disk space; the list above is in descending
# order by performance and ascending order by compression ratio.
#
# save_image_format is used when you use 'virsh save' or 'virsh managedsave'
# at scheduled saving, and it is an error if the specified save_image_format
# is not valid, or the requested compression program can't be found.
#
# dump_image_format is used when you use 'virsh dump' at emergency
# crashdump, and if the specified dump_image_format is not valid, or
# the requested compression program can't be found, this falls
# back to "raw" compression.
#
# snapshot_image_format specifies the compression algorithm of the memory save
# image when an external snapshot of a domain is taken. This does not apply
# on disk image format. It is an error if the specified format isn't valid,
# or the requested compression program can't be found.
#
#save_image_format = "raw"
#dump_image_format = "raw"
#snapshot_image_format = "raw"

# When a domain is configured to be auto-dumped when libvirtd receives a
# watchdog event from qemu guest, libvirtd will save dump files in directory
# specified by auto_dump_path. Default value is /var/lib/libvirt/qemu/dump
#
#auto_dump_path = "/var/lib/libvirt/qemu/dump"

# When a domain is configured to be auto-dumped, enabling this flag
# has the same effect as using the VIR_DUMP_BYPASS_CACHE flag with the
# virDomainCoreDump API. That is, the system will avoid using the
# file system cache while writing the dump file, but may cause
# slower operation.
#
#auto_dump_bypass_cache = 0

# When a domain is configured to be auto-started, enabling this flag
# has the same effect as using the VIR_DOMAIN_START_BYPASS_CACHE flag
# with the virDomainCreateWithFlags API. That is, the system will
# avoid using the file system cache when restoring any managed state
# file, but may cause slower operation.
#
#auto_start_bypass_cache = 0

# If provided by the host and a hugetlbfs mount point is configured,
# a guest may request huge page backing. When this mount point is
# unspecified here, determination of a host mount point in /proc/mounts
# will be attempted. Specifying an explicit mount overrides detection
# of the same in /proc/mounts. Setting the mount point to "" will
# disable guest hugepage backing. If desired, multiple mount points can
# be specified at once, separated by comma and enclosed in square
# brackets, for example:
#
# hugetlbfs_mount = ["/dev/hugepages2M", "/dev/hugepages1G"]
#
# The size of huge page served by specific mount point is determined by
# libvirt at the daemon startup.
#
# NB, within these mount points, guests will create memory backing
# files in a location of $MOUNTPOINT/libvirt/qemu
#
#hugetlbfs_mount = "/dev/hugepages"


# Path to the setuid helper for creating tap devices. This executable
# is used to create <source type='bridge'> interfaces when libvirtd is
# running unprivileged. libvirt invokes the helper directly, instead
# of using "-netdev bridge", for security reasons.
#bridge_helper = "/usr/libexec/qemu-bridge-helper"



# If clear_emulator_capabilities is enabled, libvirt will drop all
# privileged capabilities of the QEmu/KVM emulator. This is enabled by
# default.
#
# Warning: Disabling this option means that a compromised guest can
# exploit the privileges and possibly do damage to the host.
#
clear_emulator_capabilities = 0


# If enabled, libvirt will have QEMU set its process name to
# "qemu:VM_NAME", where VM_NAME is the name of the VM. The QEMU
# process will appear as "qemu:VM_NAME" in process listings and
# other system monitoring tools. By default, QEMU does not set
# its process title, so the complete QEMU command (emulator and
# its arguments) appear in process listings.
#
#set_process_name = 1


# If max_processes is set to a positive integer, libvirt will use
# it to set the maximum number of processes that can be run by qemu
# user. This can be used to override default value set by host OS.
# The same applies to max_files which sets the limit on the maximum
# number of opened files.
#
#max_processes = 0
#max_files = 0



# mac_filter enables MAC addressed based filtering on bridge ports.
# This currently requires ebtables to be installed.
#
#mac_filter = 1


# By default, PCI devices below non-ACS switch are not allowed to be assigned
# to guests. By setting relaxed_acs_check to 1 such devices will be allowed to
# be assigned to guests.
#
#relaxed_acs_check = 1


# If allow_disk_format_probing is enabled, libvirt will probe disk
# images to attempt to identify their format, when not otherwise
# specified in the XML. This is disabled by default.
#
# WARNING: Enabling probing is a security hole in almost all
# deployments. It is strongly recommended that users update their
# guest XML <disk> elements to include <driver type='XXXX'/>
# elements instead of enabling this option.
#
#allow_disk_format_probing = 1


# In order to prevent accidentally starting two domains that
# share one writable disk, libvirt offers two approaches for
# locking files. The first one is sanlock, the other one,
# virtlockd, is then our own implementation. Accepted values
# are "sanlock" and "lockd".
#
#lock_manager = "lockd"



# Set limit of maximum APIs queued on one domain. All other APIs
# over this threshold will fail on acquiring job lock. Specially,
# setting to zero turns this feature off.
# Note, that job lock is per domain.
#
#max_queued = 0

###################################################################
# Keepalive protocol:
# This allows qemu driver to detect broken connections to remote
# libvirtd during peer-to-peer migration. A keepalive message is
# sent to the daemon after keepalive_interval seconds of inactivity
# to check if the daemon is still responding; keepalive_count is a
# maximum number of keepalive messages that are allowed to be sent
# to the daemon without getting any response before the connection
# is considered broken. In other words, the connection is
# automatically closed approximately after
# keepalive_interval * (keepalive_count + 1) seconds since the last
# message received from the daemon. If keepalive_interval is set to
# -1, qemu driver will not send keepalive requests during
# peer-to-peer migration; however, the remote libvirtd can still
# send them and source libvirtd will send responses. When
# keepalive_count is set to 0, connections will be automatically
# closed after keepalive_interval seconds of inactivity without
# sending any keepalive messages.
#
#keepalive_interval = 5
#keepalive_count = 5



# Use seccomp syscall whitelisting in QEMU.
# 1 = on, 0 = off, -1 = use QEMU default
# Defaults to -1.
#
#seccomp_sandbox = 1


# Override the listen address for all incoming migrations. Defaults to
# 0.0.0.0, or :: if both host and qemu are capable of IPv6.
#migration_address = "0.0.0.0"


# The default hostname or IP address which will be used by a migration
# source for transferring migration data to this host. The migration
# source has to be able to resolve this hostname and connect to it so
# setting "localhost" will not work. By default, the host's configured
# hostname is used.
#migration_host = "host.example.com"


# Override the port range used for incoming migrations.
#
# Minimum must be greater than 0, however when QEMU is not running as root,
# setting the minimum to be lower than 1024 will not work.
#
# Maximum must not be greater than 65535.
#
#migration_port_min = 49152
#migration_port_max = 49215



# Timestamp QEMU's log messages (if QEMU supports it)
#
# Defaults to 1.
#
#log_timestamp = 0


# Location of master nvram file
#
# When a domain is configured to use UEFI instead of standard
# BIOS it may use a separate storage for UEFI variables. If
# that's the case libvirt creates the variable store per domain
# using this master file as image. Each UEFI firmware can,
# however, have different variables store. Therefore the nvram is
# a list of strings when a single item is in form of:
# ${PATH_TO_UEFI_FW}:${PATH_TO_UEFI_VARS}.
# Later, when libvirt creates per domain variable store, this list is
# searched for the master image. The UEFI firmware can be called
# differently for different guest architectures. For instance, it's OVMF
# for x86_64 and i686, but it's AAVMF for aarch64. The libvirt default
# follows this scheme.
#nvram = [
# "/usr/share/OVMF/OVMF_CODE.fd:/usr/share/OVMF/OVMF_VARS.fd",
# "/usr/share/AAVMF/AAVMF_CODE.fd:/usr/share/AAVMF/AAVMF_VARS.fd"
#]


Vifo Binding Video Device to Vfiio which I have run as a service on boot.
/usr/bin/vfio-bind

#!/bin/bash

modprobe vfio-pci

for dev in "$@"; do
vendor=$(cat /sys/bus/pci/devices/$dev/vendor)
device=$(cat /sys/bus/pci/devices/$dev/device)
if [ -e /sys/bus/pci/devices/$dev/driver ]; then
echo $dev > /sys/bus/pci/devices/$dev/driver/unbind
fi
echo $vendor $device > /sys/bus/pci/drivers/vfio-pci/new_id
done

Service

/lib/systemd/system/vfio-bind.service

[Unit]
Description=Binds devices to vfio-pci
After=syslog.target

[Service]
EnvironmentFile=-/etc/vfio-pci.cfg
Type=oneshot
RemainAfterExit=yes
ExecStart=-/usr/bin/vfio-bind $DEVICES

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target


^Cbrian@debian:~$ ls -l /dev/vfio/
total 0
crw------- 1 root root 247, 0 Sep 22 10:36 26
crw-rw-rw- 1 root root 10, 196 Sep 22 10:36 vfio



As you can see /dev/vfio is owned by root and I can't find a way to give a normal user access to it. I've tried making a udev rule but am unfamiliar with udev rules and haven't had mush luck. I also tried chown which didn't help either. Also I've noticed in order to start my VM I had to disable my graphical login manager which I find rather strange. For now until I find an answer at least I was able to pass through a sound card and USB headset but I would prefer to be able to run my VM as non root and just have pulseaudio go to my VM. Any help would be greatly appreciated. Thanks P.S. I'm running Debian 8.2 Jessie
bmadonna1401
 
Posts: 1
Joined: 2015-09-22 22:56

Return to General Questions

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 8 guests

fashionable