Daemon status with init scripts

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Daemon status with init scripts

Postby mamars » 2006-01-09 23:02

Hi Debians,

I am new to GNU/Debian Linux and just setup my first system. However I was wondering why the initscripts in /etc/init.d/ just don't have a status arg like SuSE. Gentoo, which I also had a look at, has also a very nice feature where you can check with one command what service is running and which are unused. Does anybody know a good solution?

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Postby epostma » 2006-01-10 08:48

I can't really give you a prefab solution, but the following two (more or less obvious) procedures give you some information:

1) Just look at
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ps -ef

or if you want to know if sshd is up in a script, do something like
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if ps -e | egrep 'ssh+d' > /dev/null ; then ... fi

(the plus is in there to prevent the (e)grep command itself from showing up).

2) Look at the files in /var/run. E.g.:
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 $ cat /var/run/sshd.pid
 $ cat /proc/3493/cmdline

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Postby mamars » 2006-01-12 11:50

Thank you for your suggestion.
However, I think, that Debian is not prepared for such a feature, because you need at least two thinks, as far as I can assess this.

    1. A "status case" in the init scripts
    2. A universal script which handles "nice" output

I had a look at a SuSE system. My former Gentoo system was cleaned for Debian so I don't know how they handle this.

SuSE uses rc{service} which are sym.linked to /etc/init.d/{service}
Postfix for example looks like this:

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# Shell functions sourced from /etc/rc.status:
#      rc_check         check and set local and overall rc status
#      rc_status        check and set local and overall rc status
#      rc_status -v     ditto but be verbose in local rc status
#      rc_status -v -r  ditto and clear the local rc status
#      rc_failed        set local and overall rc status to failed
#      rc_failed <num>  set local and overall rc status to <num><num>
#      rc_reset         clear local rc status (overall remains)
#      rc_exit          exit appropriate to overall rc status
. /etc/rc.status

# First reset status of this service

# Return values acc. to LSB for all commands but status:
# 0 - success
# 1 - generic or unspecified error
# 2 - invalid or excess argument(s)
# 3 - unimplemented feature (e.g. "reload")
# 4 - insufficient privilege
# 5 - program is not installed
# 6 - program is not configured
# 7 - program is not running

Look for the executables
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test -x $POSTFIX_BIN || exit 5
test -x $MASTER_BIN || exit 5

Then they use startproc, killproc and checkproc for start, stop, status cases.

The "Starting postfix .... " is done in this file, the result however is done by the rc.status script which is sourced.

Here is just an extract of the rc.status:
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# check whether splash screen animations are installed.
test -f /etc/sysconfig/bootsplash && . /etc/sysconfig/bootsplash
test -x /sbin/splash && _rc_splash=1

if test -z "$LINES" -o -z "$COLUMNS" ; then
    eval `stty size 2>/dev/null | (read L C; \
          echo LINES=${L:-24} COLUMNS=${C:-80})`
test $LINES   -eq 0 && LINES=24
test $COLUMNS -eq 0 && COLUMNS=80

if test -t 1 -a "$TERM" != "raw" -a "$TERM" != "dumb" && stty size > /dev/null 2>&1 ; then
         esc=`echo -en "\033"`
        norm=`echo -en "${esc}[m\017"`
        stat=`echo -en "\015${esc}[${COLUMNS}C${esc}[10D"`

    function rc_cuu () { echo -en "\033[${1}A"; }
    function rc_timer_on () {

It's really a pity that Debian lacks these functions :( .

so long
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Postby epostma » 2006-01-16 14:25

Hi again,

Actually, the rc.status file just contains the functions used to print out the pieces "... done" and such. I think you want to look at (for e.g. postfix, to stay with the same example) for the part where it says something like:
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case $1 in

Then there's a section for all the possible arguments, including one that starts like this:
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The code after that is executed if you run
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/etc/init.d/postfix status

Now I don't have a SuSE system at hand here, so I can't give you the line numbers or something, and it might even be that a couple of scripts do things differently. But this is usually the general structure.

The equivalent of startproc and killproc in Debian is called start-stop-daemon, by the way. As we already discussed, there's no equivalent to checkproc (which is what you'd want).

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