Intel graphics on Buster

Help with issues regarding installation of Debian

Intel graphics on Buster

Postby timchuck » 2019-07-07 20:33

I have done a new install of the just released Buster using the amd KDE live version.

When I boot I just boot to the command line; sddm doesn't start.

What I have done so far to try to fix it:

Code: Select all
apt-add-repository contrib
apt-add-repository non-free
aptitude install firmware-linux-nonfree


Thought that would do it but it didn't. So I followed the advice here:

https://wiki.debian.org/GraphicsCard

and uninstalled xserver-xorg-video-intel. xorg-server-core was already installed. After reboot still no sddm.

Here is some inxi outputs:

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$ inxi -c 5 -b
System:    Host: rtx982 Kernel: 4.19.0-5-amd64 x86_64 bits: 64 Console: tty 1 Distro: Debian GNU/Linux 10 (buster)
Machine:   Type: Desktop Mobo: Micro-Star model: MPG Z390 GAMING PRO CARBON (MS-7B17) v: 1.0 serial: <root required>
           UEFI: American Megatrends v: 1.00 date: 09/03/2018
CPU:       6-Core: Intel Core i5-9600K type: MCP speed: 800 MHz min/max: 800/4600 MHz
Graphics:  Device-1: Intel driver: N/A
           Display: tty server: X.org 1.20.4 driver: vesa unloaded: fbdev,modesetting tty: 128x48
           Message: Advanced graphics data unavailable in console. Try -G --display
Network:   Device-1: Intel Ethernet I219-V driver: e1000e
Drives:    Local Storage: total: 465.76 GiB used: 8.22 GiB (1.8%)
Info:      Processes: 137 Uptime: 13m Memory: 15.54 GiB used: 243.5 MiB (1.5%) Init: systemd runlevel: 5 Shell: bash
           inxi: 3.0.32

$ inxi -G --display
Graphics:  Device-1: Intel driver: N/A
           Display: tty server: X.org 1.20.4 driver: vesa unloaded: fbdev,modesetting tty: 128x48
           Message: No advanced graphics data found on this system.


I tried booting with another live Linux distribution (Obarun) and X started okay.

lspci -knn | grep -iA3 vga said the graphics driver was i915

After googing Debian i915 I found I should install firmware-misc-nonfree, but I checked and it apparently already got installed along with firmware-linux-nonfree

Is it possible to get the X Window System going on this setup?
timchuck
 
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Re: Intel graphics on Buster

Postby vbrummond » 2019-07-07 22:17

Thats extremely strange. Intel graphics are supported by Intels on driver on Linux. What actual GPU do you have?
Always on Debian Testing
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Re: Intel graphics on Buster

Postby Dai_trying » 2019-07-07 22:23

I think this is related to a problem I had, I noted the workaround in this post it might work for you as well. I have reported it as a bug but no movement as yet.
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Re: Intel graphics on Buster

Postby timchuck » 2019-07-08 00:05

Thank you for your replies!

Code: Select all
% lspci |grep VGA
00:02.0 VGA compatible controller: Intel Corporation Device 3e98
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Re: Intel graphics on Buster

Postby timchuck » 2019-07-08 02:16

Tried reconfiguring X as in the post suggested by Dai_trying

Code: Select all
# X -configure

X.Org X Server 1.20.4
X Protocol Version 11, Revision 0
Build Operating System: Linux 4.9.0-8-amd64 x86_64 Debian
Current Operating System: Linux rtx982 4.19.0-5-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 4.19.37-5 (2019-06-19) x86_64
Kernel command line: BOOT_IMAGE=/boot/vmlinuz-4.19.0-5-amd64 root=/dev/sda2 ro quiet
Build Date: 05 March 2019  08:11:12PM
xorg-server 2:1.20.4-1 (https://www.debian.org/support)
Current version of pixman: 0.36.0
        Before reporting problems, check http://wiki.x.org
        to make sure that you have the latest version.
Markers: (--) probed, (**) from config file, (==) default setting,
        (++) from command line, (!!) notice, (II) informational,
        (WW) warning, (EE) error, (NI) not implemented, (??) unknown.
(==) Log file: "/var/log/Xorg.0.log", Time: Sun Jul  7 21:45:18 2019
List of video drivers:
        amdgpu
        ati
        intel
        nouveau
        qxl
        radeon
        vmware
        modesetting
        fbdev
        vesa
(++) Using config file: "/root/xorg.conf.new"
(==) Using system config directory "/usr/share/X11/xorg.conf.d"
modprobe: FATAL: Module fbcon not found in directory /lib/modules/4.19.0-5-amd64
intel: waited 2020 ms for i915.ko driver to load
Number of created screens does not match number of detected devices.
  Configuration failed.
(EE) Server terminated with error (2). Closing log file.
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Re: Intel graphics on Buster

Postby Dai_trying » 2019-07-08 07:07

timchuck wrote:Tried reconfiguring X as in the post suggested by Dai_trying

Code: Select all
# X -configure

X.Org X Server 1.20.4
X Protocol Version 11, Revision 0
Build Operating System: Linux 4.9.0-8-amd64 x86_64 Debian
Current Operating System: Linux rtx982 4.19.0-5-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 4.19.37-5 (2019-06-19) x86_64
Kernel command line: BOOT_IMAGE=/boot/vmlinuz-4.19.0-5-amd64 root=/dev/sda2 ro quiet
Build Date: 05 March 2019  08:11:12PM
xorg-server 2:1.20.4-1 (https://www.debian.org/support)
Current version of pixman: 0.36.0
        Before reporting problems, check http://wiki.x.org
        to make sure that you have the latest version.
Markers: (--) probed, (**) from config file, (==) default setting,
        (++) from command line, (!!) notice, (II) informational,
        (WW) warning, (EE) error, (NI) not implemented, (??) unknown.
(==) Log file: "/var/log/Xorg.0.log", Time: Sun Jul  7 21:45:18 2019
List of video drivers:
        amdgpu
        ati
        intel
        nouveau
        qxl
        radeon
        vmware
        modesetting
        fbdev
        vesa
(++) Using config file: "/root/xorg.conf.new"
(==) Using system config directory "/usr/share/X11/xorg.conf.d"
modprobe: FATAL: Module fbcon not found in directory /lib/modules/4.19.0-5-amd64
intel: waited 2020 ms for i915.ko driver to load
Number of created screens does not match number of detected devices.
  Configuration failed.
(EE) Server terminated with error (2). Closing log file.


And .?.?.?

did it give you an xorg.conf.new file? (EDIT: check in /root/)

if so did you copy (or move) it to /etc/X11/ ?

and did you then reboot?

and did it work?
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Re: Intel graphics on Buster

Postby timchuck » 2019-07-08 10:05

Sorry forgot to give the results. Yes it did create an xorg.conf.new and I did

Code: Select all
cp xorg.conf.new /etc/X11/


and reboot but I still went to a console login prompt. Here is the newly created /etc/X11/xorg.conf:

Code: Select all
% cat /etc/Xll/xorg.conf
Section "ServerLayout"
   Identifier     "X.org Configured"
   Screen      0  "Screen0" 0 0
   InputDevice    "Mouse0" "CorePointer"
   InputDevice    "Keyboard0" "CoreKeyboard"
EndSection

Section "Files"
   ModulePath   "/usr/lib/xorg/modules"
   FontPath     "/usr/share/fonts/X11/misc"
   FontPath     "/usr/share/fonts/X11/cyrillic"
   FontPath     "/usr/share/fonts/X11/100dpi/:unscaled"
   FontPath     "/usr/share/fonts/X11/75dpi/:unscaled"
   FontPath     "/usr/share/fonts/X11/Type1"
   FontPath     "/usr/share/fonts/X11/100dpi"
   FontPath     "/usr/share/fonts/X11/75dpi"
   FontPath     "built-ins"
EndSection

Section "Module"
   Load  "glx"
EndSection

Section "InputDevice"
   Identifier  "Keyboard0"
   Driver      "kbd"
EndSection

Section "InputDevice"
   Identifier  "Mouse0"
   Driver      "mouse"
   Option       "Protocol" "auto"
   Option       "Device" "/dev/input/mice"
   Option       "ZAxisMapping" "4 5 6 7"
EndSection

Section "Monitor"
   Identifier   "Monitor0"
   VendorName   "Monitor Vendor"
   ModelName    "Monitor Model"
EndSection

Section "Device"
        ### Available Driver options are:-
        ### Values: <i>: integer, <f>: float, <bool>: "True"/"False",
        ### <string>: "String", <freq>: "<f> Hz/kHz/MHz",
        ### <percent>: "<f>%"
        ### [arg]: arg optional
        #Option     "Accel"                 # [<bool>]
        #Option     "AccelMethod"           # <str>
        #Option     "Backlight"             # <str>
        #Option     "CustomEDID"            # <str>
        #Option     "DRI"                   # <str>
        #Option     "Present"               # [<bool>]
        #Option     "ColorKey"              # <i>
        #Option     "VideoKey"              # <i>
        #Option     "Tiling"                # [<bool>]
        #Option     "LinearFramebuffer"     # [<bool>]
        #Option     "HWRotation"            # [<bool>]
        #Option     "VSync"                 # [<bool>]
        #Option     "PageFlip"              # [<bool>]
        #Option     "SwapbuffersWait"       # [<bool>]
        #Option     "TripleBuffer"          # [<bool>]
        #Option     "XvPreferOverlay"       # [<bool>]
        #Option     "HotPlug"               # [<bool>]
        #Option     "ReprobeOutputs"        # [<bool>]
        #Option     "XvMC"                  # [<bool>]
        #Option     "ZaphodHeads"           # <str>
        #Option     "VirtualHeads"          # <i>
        #Option     "TearFree"              # [<bool>]
        #Option     "PerCrtcPixmaps"        # [<bool>]
        #Option     "FallbackDebug"         # [<bool>]
        #Option     "DebugFlushBatches"     # [<bool>]
        #Option     "DebugFlushCaches"      # [<bool>]
        #Option     "DebugWait"             # [<bool>]
        #Option     "BufferCache"           # [<bool>]
   Identifier  "Card0"
   Driver      "intel"
   BusID       "PCI:0:2:0"
EndSection

Section "Screen"
   Identifier "Screen0"
   Device     "Card0"
   Monitor    "Monitor0"
   SubSection "Display"
      Viewport   0 0
      Depth     1
   EndSubSection
   SubSection "Display"
      Viewport   0 0
      Depth     4
   EndSubSection
   SubSection "Display"
      Viewport   0 0
      Depth     8
   EndSubSection
   SubSection "Display"
      Viewport   0 0
      Depth     15
   EndSubSection
   SubSection "Display"
      Viewport   0 0
      Depth     16
   EndSubSection
   SubSection "Display"
      Viewport   0 0
      Depth     24
   EndSubSection
EndSection


I also tried creating a ~/.xinitrc containing exec startkde, but:

Code: Select all
% startx
X.Org X Server 1.20.4
X Protocol Version 11, Revision 0
Build Operating System: Linux 4.9.0-8-amd64 x86_64 Debian
Current Operating System: Linux rtx982 4.19.0-5-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 4.19.37-5 (2019-06-19) x86_64
Kernel command line: BOOT_IMAGE=/boot/vmlinuz-4.19.0-5-amd64 root=/dev/sda2 ro quiet
Build Date: 05 March 2019  08:11:12PM
xorg-server 2:1.20.4-1 (https://www.debian.org/support)
Current version of pixman: 0.36.0
        Before reporting problems, check http://wiki.x.org
        to make sure that you have the latest version.
Markers: (--) probed, (**) from config file, (==) default setting,
        (++) from command line, (!!) notice, (II) informational,
        (WW) warning, (EE) error, (NI) not implemented, (??) unknown.
(==) Log file: "/var/log/Xorg.0.log", Time: Mon Jul  8 05:32:38 2019
(==) Using system config directory "/usr/share/X11/xorg.conf.d"
/Xorg.0.log" for additional information.(EE) (EE) Server terminated with error (1). Closing log file.k the log file at "/var/logxinit: giving up
xinit: unable to connect to X server: Connection refused
xinit: server error


and here is the log referred to above:

Code: Select all
[   861.206]
X.Org X Server 1.20.4
X Protocol Version 11, Revision 0
[   861.211] Build Operating System: Linux 4.9.0-8-amd64 x86_64 Debian
[   861.212] Current Operating System: Linux rtx982 4.19.0-5-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 4.19.37-5 (2019-06-19) x86_64
[   861.213] Kernel command line: BOOT_IMAGE=/boot/vmlinuz-4.19.0-5-amd64 root=/dev/sda2 ro quiet
[   861.216] Build Date: 05 March 2019  08:11:12PM
[   861.218] xorg-server 2:1.20.4-1 (https://www.debian.org/support)
[   861.220] Current version of pixman: 0.36.0
[   861.223]    Before reporting problems, check http://wiki.x.org
   to make sure that you have the latest version.
[   861.223] Markers: (--) probed, (**) from config file, (==) default setting,
   (++) from command line, (!!) notice, (II) informational,
   (WW) warning, (EE) error, (NI) not implemented, (??) unknown.
[   861.228] (==) Log file: "/var/log/Xorg.0.log", Time: Mon Jul  8 05:32:38 2019
[   861.231] (==) Using system config directory "/usr/share/X11/xorg.conf.d"
[   861.232] (==) No Layout section.  Using the first Screen section.
[   861.232] (==) No screen section available. Using defaults.
[   861.232] (**) |-->Screen "Default Screen Section" (0)
[   861.232] (**) |   |-->Monitor "<default monitor>"
[   861.233] (==) No monitor specified for screen "Default Screen Section".
   Using a default monitor configuration.
[   861.233] (==) Automatically adding devices
[   861.233] (==) Automatically enabling devices
[   861.233] (==) Automatically adding GPU devices
[   861.233] (==) Max clients allowed: 256, resource mask: 0x1fffff
[   861.235] (WW) The directory "/usr/share/fonts/X11/cyrillic" does not exist.
[   861.235]    Entry deleted from font path.
[   861.237] (==) FontPath set to:
   /usr/share/fonts/X11/misc,
   /usr/share/fonts/X11/100dpi/:unscaled,
   /usr/share/fonts/X11/75dpi/:unscaled,
   /usr/share/fonts/X11/Type1,
   /usr/share/fonts/X11/100dpi,
   /usr/share/fonts/X11/75dpi,
   built-ins
[   861.237] (==) ModulePath set to "/usr/lib/xorg/modules"
[   861.237] (II) The server relies on udev to provide the list of input devices.
   If no devices become available, reconfigure udev or disable AutoAddDevices.
[   861.237] (II) Loader magic: 0x560efba0ee20
[   861.237] (II) Module ABI versions:
[   861.237]    X.Org ANSI C Emulation: 0.4
[   861.237]    X.Org Video Driver: 24.0
[   861.237]    X.Org XInput driver : 24.1
[   861.237]    X.Org Server Extension : 10.0
[   861.237] (++) using VT number 1

[   861.239] (II) systemd-logind: took control of session /org/freedesktop/login1/session/_31
[   861.241] (--) PCI:*(0@0:2:0) 8086:3e98:1462:7b17 rev 0, Mem @ 0xa0000000/16777216, 0x90000000/268435456, I/O @ 0x00003000/64, BIOS @ 0x????????/131072
[   861.241] (II) LoadModule: "glx"
[   861.242] (II) Loading /usr/lib/xorg/modules/extensions/libglx.so
[   861.248] (II) Module glx: vendor="X.Org Foundation"
[   861.248]    compiled for 1.20.4, module version = 1.0.0
[   861.248]    ABI class: X.Org Server Extension, version 10.0
[   861.248] (==) Matched modesetting as autoconfigured driver 0
[   861.248] (==) Matched fbdev as autoconfigured driver 1
[   861.248] (==) Matched vesa as autoconfigured driver 2
[   861.248] (==) Assigned the driver to the xf86ConfigLayout
[   861.248] (II) LoadModule: "modesetting"
[   861.249] (II) Loading /usr/lib/xorg/modules/drivers/modesetting_drv.so
[   861.249] (II) Module modesetting: vendor="X.Org Foundation"
[   861.249]    compiled for 1.20.4, module version = 1.20.4
[   861.249]    Module class: X.Org Video Driver
[   861.249]    ABI class: X.Org Video Driver, version 24.0
[   861.249] (II) LoadModule: "fbdev"
[   861.250] (II) Loading /usr/lib/xorg/modules/drivers/fbdev_drv.so
[   861.250] (II) Module fbdev: vendor="X.Org Foundation"
[   861.250]    compiled for 1.20.0, module version = 0.5.0
[   861.250]    Module class: X.Org Video Driver
[   861.250]    ABI class: X.Org Video Driver, version 24.0
[   861.250] (II) LoadModule: "vesa"
[   861.250] (II) Loading /usr/lib/xorg/modules/drivers/vesa_drv.so
[   861.251] (II) Module vesa: vendor="X.Org Foundation"
[   861.251]    compiled for 1.20.1, module version = 2.4.0
[   861.251]    Module class: X.Org Video Driver
[   861.251]    ABI class: X.Org Video Driver, version 24.0
[   861.251] (II) modesetting: Driver for Modesetting Kernel Drivers: kms
[   861.251] (II) FBDEV: driver for framebuffer: fbdev
[   861.251] (II) VESA: driver for VESA chipsets: vesa
[   861.251] (EE) open /dev/dri/card0: No such file or directory
[   861.251] (WW) Falling back to old probe method for modesetting
[   861.251] (EE) open /dev/dri/card0: No such file or directory
[   861.251] (II) Loading sub module "fbdevhw"
[   861.251] (II) LoadModule: "fbdevhw"
[   861.251] (II) Loading /usr/lib/xorg/modules/libfbdevhw.so
[   861.251] (II) Module fbdevhw: vendor="X.Org Foundation"
[   861.251]    compiled for 1.20.4, module version = 0.0.2
[   861.251]    ABI class: X.Org Video Driver, version 24.0
[   861.252] (EE) Unable to find a valid framebuffer device
[   861.252] (WW) Falling back to old probe method for fbdev
[   861.252] (II) Loading sub module "fbdevhw"
[   861.252] (II) LoadModule: "fbdevhw"
[   861.252] (II) Loading /usr/lib/xorg/modules/libfbdevhw.so
[   861.252] (II) Module fbdevhw: vendor="X.Org Foundation"
[   861.252]    compiled for 1.20.4, module version = 0.0.2
[   861.252]    ABI class: X.Org Video Driver, version 24.0
[   861.252] (II) FBDEV(2): using default device
[   861.252] (EE) Screen 0 deleted because of no matching config section.
[   861.252] (II) UnloadModule: "modesetting"
[   861.252] (EE) Screen 0 deleted because of no matching config section.
[   861.252] (II) UnloadModule: "fbdev"
[   861.252] (II) UnloadSubModule: "fbdevhw"
[   861.252] (EE)
Fatal server error:
[   861.252] (EE) Cannot run in framebuffer mode. Please specify busIDs        for all framebuffer devices
[   861.252] (EE)
[   861.252] (EE)
Please consult the The X.Org Foundation support
    at http://wiki.x.org
 for help.
[   861.252] (EE) Please also check the log file at "/var/log/Xorg.0.log" for additional information.
[   861.252] (EE)
[   861.254] (EE) Server terminated with error (1). Closing log file.


I tried startx both with and without /etc/X11/xorg.conf present. Both ways I just got the console login prompt.

Is it possible I need a kernel from the 5.1 series? Unfortunately I don't see one available when I
Code: Select all
aptitude search linux-image
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Re: Intel graphics on Buster

Postby Dai_trying » 2019-07-08 13:25

I just checked the MSI site and there have been several BIOS updates since yours was last done (09/03/2018), it might be worth checking them out.
https://www.msi.com/Motherboard/support ... #down-bios
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Re: Intel graphics on Buster

Postby timchuck » 2019-07-08 14:13

Thank you I will try that.
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Re: Intel graphics on Buster

Postby Head_on_a_Stick » 2019-07-08 16:42

timchuck wrote:Is it possible I need a kernel from the 5.1 series?

Try the Liquorix kernel, they have v5.1 for buster:

https://liquorix.net/

Remove the X.org configuration file and ~/.xinitrc, the startx command won't function as expected with the latter file present.
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Re: Intel graphics on Buster

Postby oswaldkelso » 2019-07-08 17:14

When I was testing Buster on my intel atom with several DE's and display managers. I had an issue where before the display manager would work. I had to opened a tty and go to .local/share/kscreen and delete the file in there. If you don't want to delete the file just move it somewhere safe first before you test. ymmv So maybe wait for someone that actually uses Buster and KDE to confirm this is sound advice.
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Ash init thrakatulûk agh burzum-ishi krimpatul.
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Re: Intel graphics on Buster

Postby stevepusser » 2019-07-08 18:54

You do have a i5-9600 CPU, so it's a ninth-generation, which we haven't seen too much yet here at all.

This Arch user reported the same sort of issue, but got it working with newer "libdrm" packages, which I don't know if Debian has available yet. Now that Buster is released, there may be newer ones available for backporting upstream pretty soon.

https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=242465

Or, since you have a gaming motherboard, you could add a discrete GPU and use that instead.
The MX Linux repositories: Backports galore! If we don't have something, just ask and we'll try--we like challenges. New packages: Calibre 3.48.0, QMPlay2 19.09.03, wine-staging 4.16, Telegram-desktop 1.8.8, Pale Moon 28.7.1, Waterfox 56.2.14
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stevepusser
 
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Re: Intel graphics on Buster

Postby stevepusser » 2019-07-08 21:06

Hmmm...the i915 driver in the Buster 4.19 kernel doesn't support that PCI ID, but it is listed in the latest 5.1 Liquorix kernel's:
Code: Select all
# modinfo i915
filename:       /lib/modules/5.1.0-16.4-liquorix-amd64/kernel/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915.ko
.....
alias:          pci:v00008086d00003E98sv*sd*bc03sc*i*
...
The MX Linux repositories: Backports galore! If we don't have something, just ask and we'll try--we like challenges. New packages: Calibre 3.48.0, QMPlay2 19.09.03, wine-staging 4.16, Telegram-desktop 1.8.8, Pale Moon 28.7.1, Waterfox 56.2.14
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Re: Intel graphics on Buster

Postby timchuck » 2019-07-09 11:59

Here is an update:

I updated the bios to 7B17v15. That went fine but still no X.

So I installed the liquorix kernel. That also went fine:
Code: Select all
#uname -mrs
Linux 5.1.0-16.1-liquorix-amd64 x86-64


Code: Select all
# modinfo i915 | grep -i 3e98
alias:       pci:v00008086d00003E98sv*sd*bc03sc*i*


The above command, as Steve noted, gives no output when running 4.19.0-5-amd64.

But even with the liquorix kernel, X won't start (I did get rid of those two files Head_on_a_Stick referred to.)

I don't mean to sound unresponsive at times but I can probably only work on this for a bit in the mornings, and right now my morning is over!

Thanks so much for all of your suggestions.
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Re: Intel graphics on Buster

Postby timchuck » 2019-08-30 11:53

I have managed to get X running using an unsigned kernel from backports:

linux-image-5.2.0-0.bpo.2-amd64-unsigned_5.2.9-2~bpo10+1_amd64.deb

However, even though intel-microde is installed, I am vulnerable to CVE-2018-3640 (varient 3a rogue system register read) and CVE-2018-3615 (Foreshadow SGX, L1 terminal fault).

Interestingly, when booting from the 4.19 kernel from linux-image-4.19.0-5-amd64_4.19.37-5+deb10u1_amd64.deb, I don't have these vulnerabilities, but of course X Window System still doesn't start.

Two questions:

Is it unwise to use and unsigned kernel?

Should I worry about these vulnerabilities?
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