[Solved] Problems with update, after installation.

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[Solved] Problems with update, after installation.

Postby kaos » 2020-02-08 15:31

Hi,

I installed the system today, something is wrong but i don’t know what it is, if you need more information please let me know:

Code: Select all
 


root@kaos:/home/kaos# uname -a
Linux kaos 5.4.0-3-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 5.4.13-1 (2020-01-19) x86_64 GNU/Linux
root@kaos:/home/kaos#

  GNU nano 4.7                                            /etc/apt/sources.list                                                       


# deb cdrom:[Debian GNU/Linux testing _Bullseye_ - Official Snapshot amd64 DVD Binary-1 20200203-04:07]/ bullseye contrib main 

# deb cdrom:[Debian GNU/Linux testing _Bullseye_ - Official Snapshot amd64 DVD Binary-1 20200203-04:07]/ bullseye contrib main 

deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ bullseye main
# deb-src http://deb.debian.org/debian/ bullseye main

deb http://security.debian.org/debian-security/ bullseye-security main contrib
# deb-src http://security.debian.org/debian-security/ bullseye-security main contrib


root@kaos:/home/kaos# LANG=C apt update && apt full-upgrade
Hit:1 http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye InRelease
Hit:2 http://security.debian.org/debian-security bullseye-security InRelease
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
All packages are up to date.
Leyendo lista de paquetes... Hecho
Creando árbol de dependencias       
Leyendo la información de estado... Hecho
Calculando la actualización... Hecho
0 actualizados, 0 nuevos se instalarán, 0 para eliminar y 0 no actualizados.
root@kaos:/home/kaos#

root@kaos:/home/kaos# LANG=C apt full-upgrade
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
Calculating upgrade... Done
0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
root@kaos:/home/kaos#


BUT, when i go to apply ‘reboot’, it can’t find the command:

root@kaos:/home/kaos# reboot
bash: reboot: orden no encontrada
root@kaos:/home/kaos# LANG=C reboot
bash: reboot: orden no encontrada
root@kaos:/home/kaos#

 


Of course i restarted the system later but i’m not able to do it by the terminal, there are packages too that i’m not able to get.

Thanks in advance for any commentary.
Last edited by kaos on 2020-02-16 13:35, edited 5 times in total.
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Re: Problems with update by terminal after installation.

Postby Head_on_a_Stick » 2020-02-08 15:55

viewtopic.php?f=16&t=142973

See also https://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/debi ... .html#s3.1 & https://www.debian.org/security/faq#testing — the development branches are not meant for general use and are not fit for n00bs.

EDIT: to reboot without root privileges use
Code: Select all
systemctl reboot

Or just call the full path:
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/sbin/reboot

^ That's symlinked to /bin/systemctl
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Re: Problems with update by terminal after installation.

Postby kaos » 2020-02-13 17:24

Hi, I have been looking at Debian site ...

There are many branches, the stables and not stables, using diferents names, i need to know which one is the one for 'general use', as you said, but with the more updated repos, and if you can place here the iso link, the place is very confused to me ... :mrgreen:

Thanks for your recomendation in advanced.
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Re: Problems with update by terminal after installation.

Postby kaos » 2020-02-16 11:28

Hi,

Finally i found one called 'buster', after change the sources list (according to a tutorial) and update and reboot the system i have now a new problem:

Code: Select all
kaos@debian:~$ sudo apt update && apt full-upgrade
[sudo] password for kaos:
kaos is not in the sudoers file.  This incident will be reported.
kaos@debian:~$ su -
Contraseña:
root@debian:~# sudo apt update && apt full-upgrade
root is not in the sudoers file.  This incident will be reported.
root@debian:~# exit
cerrar sesión
kaos@debian:~$ su
Contraseña:
root@debian:/home/kaos# sudo apt update && apt full-upgrade
root is not in the sudoers file.  This incident will be reported.
root@debian:/home/kaos#


Thanks.
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Re: Problems with update by terminal after installation.

Postby Head_on_a_Stick » 2020-02-16 11:36

Root doesn't need to use sudo. To allow sudo for your normal user see the relevant Debian wiki page.

And you need to call sudo again after &&.
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Re: Problems with update by terminal after installation.

Postby sunrat » 2020-02-16 12:29

Head_on_a_Stick wrote:Root doesn't need to use sudo. To allow sudo for your normal user see the relevant Debian wiki page.

And you need to call sudo again after &&.


To ram that point home, no-one needs to use sudo. All those apt commands will work if you just leave sudo out of the commands completely once you are logged in as root. You can't use both together.
sudo is to elevate a user to root level to run admin commands. It's original purpose was to restrict which commands users can run with admin permissions, but Ubuntu changed that to allow users to run all commands as admin with sudo. Debian is not Ubuntu but you can use sudo if you want. Personally I don't. Read the wiki if you want sudo.
Also sudo will only run one command at a time. If you want to run multiple consecutive commands you have to call sudo for each one. Easier to just log in as root in that case.

@HOAS - not wearing hazing hat today? :mrgreen:
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Those who have lost data
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Re: Problems with update by terminal after installation.

Postby kaos » 2020-02-16 13:18

Anything is fine with me i just want to run an updated system :D

Thank you all!.
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