The Firefox useragent is already in Iceweasel since it is Firefox in all but name.
Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux i686; rv:10.0.3) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/10.0.3 Iceweasel/10.0.3
As for Iceweasel take a look at this;
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craig@debian:~$ ls ~/.mozilla
There is no difference between the FF you download from Mozilla, assuming it is the same version number, and Iceweasel.
Debian just likes to close security problems a bit faster than Mozilla does.
Iceweasel - Debian Wiki : http://wiki.debian.org/Iceweasel
Mozilla Corporation software rebranded by the Debian project - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mozilla_Co ... an_project
The Debian GNU/Linux FAQ - Getting and installing Debian GNU/Linux - http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/debia ... datestable
2.2 Are there package upgrades in `stable'?
No new functionality is added to the stable release. Once a Debian version is released and tagged `stable' it will only get security updates. That is, only packages for which a security vulnerability has been found after the release will be upgraded. All the security updates are served through security.debian.org.
Security updates serve one purpose: to supply a fix for a security vulnerability. They are not a method for sneaking additional changes into the stable release without going through normal point release procedure. Consequently, fixes for packages with security issues will not upgrade the software. The Debian Security Team will backport the necessary fixes to the version of the software distributed in `stable' instead.
People behind Debian: Mike Hommey, Firefox/Iceweasel maintainer : http://raphaelhertzog.com/2011/02/03/pe ... aintainer/
glandium.org » Blog Archive » Facts about Debian and Mozilla® Firefox® : http://glandium.org/blog/?p=97
Debian and Mozilla - a study in trademarks [LWN.net] : http://lwn.net/Articles/118268/
Firefox Not Really Free? - InternetNews. - http://www.internetnews.com/dev-news/ar ... y+Free.htm
Debian Social Contract : http://www.debian.org/social_contract
If you really want the latest and greatest version of Iceweasel follow the directions at:
Debian Mozilla team APT archive : http://mozilla.debian.net/
Which contains the current release version, Aurora, and Beta. All of which are the same versions as the equivalent version of Firefox.
Yes, you can download Firefox from Mozilla, there is no harm in doing so. If you are using 64-bit Debian you will need to install ia32-libs-gtk, and make sure you install the correct plugins for your architecture.
Switching from Debian Iceweasel to Firefox, permanently - http://techpatterns.com/forums/about1435.html