Switching from Windows to Debian on a laptop

Kernels & Hardware, configuring network, installing services

Switching from Windows to Debian on a laptop

Postby tempUSR » 2020-11-11 10:09

Hey, I'm a new Debian user (Linux in general) and I hope I'm in the right section.
Basically I've experienced some problems while configuring Debian on my laptop and I hope to solve most of them here.
I'm on a ASUS TUF FX504 and I started having problem since the installation:

Had to download the non-free iso, even tho both of them told me that I needed non-free firmware (and to get in the OS -> nouveau.modeset=0).
I probably messed up the configuration of those missing firmwares (iwlwifi and similar names) as it still gives me errors like: iwlwifi 0000:00:14.3: BIOS contains WGDS but no WRDS.
Also the right click of the touchpad doesn't work anymore, MYASUS HOTKEYS are not available for Linux and this implies that I can't control my FAN Speed (I had 3 different choices) and they don't even seem to work at all (constantly checking my CPU temperature with sensors and it reaches 70/75° by doing nothing).
On dmesg there are other problems that I don't know how to put hands on:

1)
[ 0.452140]ACPI BIOS Error (bug): Failure creating [\_SB.PCI0.XHC.RHUB.GPLD], AE_ALREADY_EXISTS (20180810/dswload2-316)
[ 0.452149]ACPI Error: AE_ALREADY_EXISTS, During name lookup/catalog (20180810/psobject-221)
[ 0.452153]ACPI Error: Skip parsing opcode OpcodeName unavailable (20180810/psloop-543)
And it repeats itself a couple of times with different "[\_SB.PCI0.XHC.RHUB.GPLD]", like "[\_SB.PCI0.XHC.RHUB.TPLD]".

2)
[ 4.823590]iTCO_wdt iTCO_wdt: can't request region for resource [mem 0x00c5fffc-0x00c5ffff]

3)
[drm:intel_pipe_update_end [i915]] *ERROR* Atomic update failure on pipe A (start=16928 end=16929) time 139 us, min 1073, max 1079, scanline start 1072, end 1080
And it repeats itself a bunch of times

Sorry if I'm taking you guys the time to read all of this :!:
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Re: Switching from Windows to Debian on a laptop

Postby stevepusser » 2020-11-11 11:43

Can you install inxi and give us the result of
Code: Select all
inxi -Fxxxz
in a terminal? Copy and paste the output and then place it in code tags like my command.

I suspect your laptop may be too new to work well with Debian 10, but the inxi output should let us know for sure.
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Re: Switching from Windows to Debian on a laptop

Postby tempUSR » 2020-11-11 16:52

stevepusser wrote:Can you install inxi and give us the result of
Code: Select all
inxi -Fxxxz
in a terminal? Copy and paste the output and then place it in code tags like my command.

I suspect your laptop may be too new to work well with Debian 10, but the inxi output should let us know for sure.


Here it is:
System:
Host: hackLOG Kernel: 4.19.0-12-amd64 x86_64 bits: 64 compiler: gcc
v: 8.3.0 Desktop: Gnome 3.30.2 wm: gnome-shell dm: GDM3 3.30.2
Distro: Debian GNU/Linux 10 (buster)
Machine:
Type: Laptop System: ASUSTeK product: TUF GAMING FX504GE_FX80GE v: 1.0
serial: <filter>
Mobo: ASUSTeK model: FX504GE v: 1.0 serial: <filter>
UEFI: American Megatrends v: FX504GE.312 date: 07/13/2018
Battery:
ID-1: BAT1 charge: 42.2 Wh condition: 42.2/48.1 Wh (88%) volts: 4.0/11.7
model: ASUS A32-K55 type: Li-ion serial: <filter> status: Full
CPU:
Topology: 6-Core model: Intel Core i7-8750H bits: 64 type: MT MCP
arch: Kaby Lake rev: A L2 cache: 9216 KiB
flags: lm nx pae sse sse2 sse3 sse4_1 sse4_2 ssse3 vmx bogomips: 52992
Speed: 3999 MHz min/max: 800/4100 MHz Core speeds (MHz): 1: 3998 2: 3996
3: 3980 4: 3991 5: 3994 6: 3989 7: 3994 8: 3976 9: 3987 10: 3990 11: 3971
12: 3986
Graphics:
Device-1: Intel UHD Graphics 630 vendor: ASUSTeK driver: i915 v: kernel
bus ID: 00:02.0 chip ID: 8086:3e9b
Device-2: NVIDIA GP107M [GeForce GTX 1050 Ti Mobile] vendor: ASUSTeK
driver: N/A bus ID: 01:00.0 chip ID: 10de:1c8c
Display: x11 server: X.Org 1.20.4 driver: N/A compositor: gnome-shell
resolution: 1920x1080~60Hz
OpenGL: renderer: Mesa DRI Intel UHD Graphics 630 (Coffeelake 3x8 GT2)
v: 4.5 Mesa 18.3.6 compat-v: 3.0 direct render: Yes
Audio:
Device-1: Intel Cannon Lake PCH cAVS vendor: ASUSTeK driver: snd_hda_intel
v: kernel bus ID: 00:1f.3 chip ID: 8086:a348
Sound Server: ALSA v: k4.19.0-12-amd64
Network:
Device-1: Intel Wireless-AC 9560 [Jefferson Peak] driver: iwlwifi
v: kernel port: 6000 bus ID: 00:14.3 chip ID: 8086:a370
IF: wlo1 state: up mac: <filter>
Device-2: Realtek RTL8111/8168/8411 PCI Express Gigabit Ethernet
vendor: ASUSTeK driver: r8169 v: kernel port: 3000 bus ID: 03:00.0
chip ID: 10ec:8168
IF: enp3s0 state: down mac: <filter>
Drives:
Local Storage: total: 1.03 TiB used: 18.16 GiB (1.7%)
ID-1: /dev/nvme0n1 vendor: Kingston model: RBUSNS8154P3128GJ
size: 119.24 GiB speed: 15.8 Gb/s lanes: 2 serial: <filter> rev: E8FK11.C
scheme: GPT
ID-2: /dev/sda vendor: HGST (Hitachi) model: HTS721010A9E630
size: 931.51 GiB speed: 6.0 Gb/s rotation: 7200 rpm serial: <filter>
rev: A3V0 temp: 20 C scheme: GPT
Partition:
ID-1: / size: 100.77 GiB used: 18.15 GiB (18.0%) fs: ext4
dev: /dev/nvme0n1p2
ID-2: swap-1 size: 15.86 GiB used: 0 KiB (0.0%) fs: swap
dev: /dev/nvme0n1p3
Sensors:
System Temperatures: cpu: 62.0 C mobo: 27.8 C
Fan Speeds (RPM): cpu: 0
Info:
Processes: 310 Uptime: 10h 13m Memory: 15.52 GiB used: 1.54 GiB (9.9%)
Init: systemd v: 241 runlevel: 5 Compilers: gcc: 8.3.0 alt: 8 Shell: bash
v: 5.0.3 running in: gnome-terminal inxi: 3.0.32
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Re: Switching from Windows to Debian on a laptop

Postby sunrat » 2020-11-11 19:28

So what firmware did you install? Please show exactly what commands you used.
It also appears you have Optimus dual graphics which requires special procedures to install and configure.
Time to do more research, start in the Debian wiki.

And please use code tags when posting terminal output.
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Re: Switching from Windows to Debian on a laptop

Postby sgosnell » 2020-11-11 19:59

Right-click is a 2-finger clilck, center-wheel click is 3-fingers. This is the usual, but it might vary depending on the trackpad manufacurer. Google will give you more information on that.

For the fan control, install lm-sensors.
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Re: Switching from Windows to Debian on a laptop

Postby tempUSR » 2020-11-11 20:12

sunrat wrote:So what firmware did you install? Please show exactly what commands you used.
It also appears you have Optimus dual graphics which requires special procedures to install and configure.
Time to do more research, start in the Debian wiki.

And please use code tags when posting terminal output.


(sorry if I didn't use the code tags)
Those are the firmwares installed:

Code: Select all
dpkg -l | grep firmware
rc  amd64-microcode                       3.20181128.1                                 amd64        Processor microcode firmware for AMD CPUs
ii  firmware-ipw2x00                      20190114-2                                   all          Binary firmware for Intel Pro Wireless 2100, 2200 and 2915
ii  firmware-iwlwifi                      20190114-2                                   all          Binary firmware for Intel Wireless cards
ii  firmware-linux-free                   3.4                                          all          Binary firmware for various drivers in the Linux kernel
ii  firmware-misc-nonfree                 20200918-1                                   all          Binary firmware for various drivers in the Linux kernel
ii  firmware-realtek                      20200918-1                                   all          Binary firmware for Realtek wired/wifi/BT adapters
ii  fwupd-amd64-signed                    1.2.13+2                                     amd64        Tools to manage UEFI firmware updates (signed)
ii  intel-microcode                       3.20200616.1~deb10u1                         amd64        Processor microcode firmware for Intel CPUs


I can't remember the specific commands I used, I was in a hurry (needed wifi and couldn't use ethernet) but I've probably just used apt/dpkg related commands.
And yes, I should definitely check the wiki :)
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Re: Switching from Windows to Debian on a laptop

Postby tempUSR » 2020-11-11 20:19

sgosnell wrote:Right-click is a 2-finger clilck, center-wheel click is 3-fingers. This is the usual, but it might vary depending on the trackpad manufacurer. Google will give you more information on that.

For the fan control, install lm-sensors.


I feel dumb rn, thanks for the help :D
I'll check some lm-sensors guides, I'm afraid of damaging something with the scan configuration (First time I used it I just wrote YES to the first one just to check the CPU temperature)
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Re: Switching from Windows to Debian on a laptop

Postby sgosnell » 2020-11-12 13:44

For learning how a package works, read the manual. The quick way to do that is to run "man packagename" in a terminal, replacing packagename with the actual name of the package. You can also run the package with the --help parameter, sometimes just -h, sometimes not. It depends on how the developer coded it. Sometimes the exact command can be slightly different. In the case of lm-sensors, it's just 'sensors'. Some help and manuals, sensors included, is minimal, so you may want to use Google for more information. TBH I've seldom used sensors, and had to use Google to get what I posted.

A quick Google search for your model returns many hits on running Linux on that model, most if not all reporting problems. It might be worth your time to run some of those down.
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Re: Switching from Windows to Debian on a laptop

Postby arzgi » 2020-11-12 16:07

And is anyone else reads man-pages these days, apropos is handy if you don't know the actual package name.

Code: Select all
arto@acer:~$ man lm-sensors
No manual entry for lm-sensors
arto@acer:~$ apropos sensors
sensors (1)          - print sensors information
sensors-conf-convert (8) - sensors configuration conversion
sensors-detect (8)   - detect hardware monitoring chips
sensors.conf (5)     - libsensors configuration file
xfce4-sensors (1)    - Sensors application for xfce4
arto@acer:~$
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Re: Switching from Windows to Debian on a laptop

Postby sgosnell » 2020-11-12 22:59

The manual entry for lm-sensors is simplly 'sensors', "man sensors". Or "sensors --help". And I just noticed, there is a package named fancrontrol, which is installed as a systemd component. It has a decent man page, and works through lm-sensors.

Disclaimer: Everything I know about fan control i've learned through DuckDuckGo in the past few days. So do not take any of this to the bank. The check might bounce.

From what I can see, installing fancontrol and lm-sensors should provide the necessary functionality for maintaining the temperature at an acceptable level. The lm-sensors and associated libs get the high and critical temps for the chips from the chips themselves, and put that in the config file. Or else the config file is already made from info provided by the chip maker. In any case, the file /etc/sensors3.conf has the information. Fancontrol runs under systemd, and monitors the sensors, turning on the fan as necessary. I haven't found anything that indicates any further configuration is necessary. I am happy to be corrected.
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Re: Switching from Windows to Debian on a laptop

Postby Head_on_a_Stick » 2020-11-14 17:50

That processor was released Q2/2018 and the buster freeze started 2019-02-12 so you might have a better experience with the kernel (metapackage), firmware & µcode from the buster-backports repository.
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Re: Switching from Windows to Debian on a laptop

Postby stevepusser » 2020-11-15 04:55

Without any driver for the Nvidia GPU, it may be on all the time. For most optimus systems, it can be the biggest power drain/heat source.
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